Each of the uses of the properties can be changed in various ways. On this page, for example, the white cirles can be removed. The line height in the navigation section here has been increased to 150% of its normal value to make it easier to click on the links. It would also be simple to place the navigation area at the top, which I recommend when writing for smart phones. (See the link at the left.) Although I usually make the navigation area fixed to keep it available at all times, many webpage writers let their navigation areas move with the page content.